- India’s agriculture sector accounts for 22 percent of the total power consumed in India. To decrease this burden, India is increasingly turning to decentralised renewable energy (DRE) systems, especially solar power, in rural areas.
- The DRE-based applications have already gained popularity in India and are increasingly being adopted by farmers. Decentralised renewable energy is small-scale, off-grid energy generation units located close to the site of consumption.
- The government is taking a series of steps to address the financial challenges that the DRE sector is facing but much more efforts are required to overcome these challenges.
The past few months have been peaceful for Vitthal Reddy, a sugarcane farmer from Karaknalli village of the Bidar district of Karnataka. After a long time, he managed to save his farm from crop-eating wild boars. For the past 10 years, he had been unsuccessful in finding a solution to animals raiding his crop. But this season he thinks he has finally solved the puzzle. He installed a solar fencing machine to protect the sugarcane crop from wild boar, and, so far, the device is working well.
Around 1,400 kilometres away, Omgiri Goswami from Bhopalgarh in Rajasthan, is also using solar power to irrigate farms and cook fodder for his cattle. His area faces frequent power cuts and during this time it is the solar power that has come to his aid.
Meanwhile, in Manyachiwadi village of Maharashtra’s Satara area, a few women self-help groups came forward to transform the village with solar power. Ravindra Anandrao Mane, sarpanch of Manyachiwadi village, told Mongabay-India that earlier the village used to face power cuts for hours. But then, in 2008, around 100 families of his village, led by women, collected money and installed a 3 kilowatt off-grid solar power system. The total capacity of village’s solar energy is 11 kilowatt including roof-top solar. “Now, we are self-sufficient in terms of our energy needs,” he said.
What is common in these three cases is decentralised solar power that is being used by farmers and people living in rural areas of India. Decentralised power refers to energy generated off the main grid, closer to the site of consumption.
A woman cleaning a solar energy set up for water pumps, received from the government. So far, over 200,000 solar water pumps have been installed across India and the target is to install 3500,000 standalone solar pumps. Photo by Srikant Chaudhary.
While sharing his experience of using solar-powered fencing, Vitthal Reddy explained to Mongabay-India that he tried all kinds of fencing to stop the animals but electric fencing has been the most effective solution. “Due to restrictions of the forest department, my field does not have (grid-connected) electricity. But last year I installed solar fencing. Earlier, I used to lose yield due to wild boar eating crops on my farm but this season the crop loss has come down significantly,” he said.
The solar-powered fence machine, known as Solar Jhatka (shock), gives a controlled electric shock to animals that approach it. The mild shock does not harm the animal but deters it from crossing over into the farms to eat the crops. Reddy purchased the device from another farmer Sharanbasappa Patil from Kalaburagi district of Karnataka who is also managing a 30-acre farm using solar energy. Patil is not only a farmer but also innovates and improvises solar devices like solar fencing machines and solar helmets.
“Grid-connected electricity has some limitations. Due to remotely placed fields and forest department restrictions, many farms …….